Chapter 3 Questions

  1. Key careers tend to be organized in a way that are gendered (police and firefighters tend to be men, while teachers and nurses tend to be women). How would the authors explain this pattern?

These gendered career patterns could be explained by the characteristics that are displayed in each position that reflect the way that men and women are taught to act in their gender role. Police and firefighters encounter physical danger which requires bravery and muscle, which we are taught are male characteristics while women are taught to be caring and compassionate, both seen in nursing and teaching. On top of this, the pay difference between the two makes a significant difference as well. Traditionally nurses and teachers are paid little, and therefore are traditionally women’s jobs, but as nurses are being paid better I have seen more men interested in and studying nursing.

2. According to the authors, why do so many people feel immune to the forces of socialization?

People may feel immune to the forces of socialization because they cannot see it, or do not understand what it entails at more than a surface level. Like the fish that doesn’t know it is swimming, we know that people assume that they choose their lifestyle due to preference when really it is the stream that we are all swimming in.

3. How does the concept of socialization challenge the idea of individualism?

The concept of socialization says that our choices are a product of our environment and experiences within the culture rather than our own independent thought. Even our rebellion from our social environment is a response of our environment, not our individual being.

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